Artificial Intelligence

Benefits of Chatbots in Healthcare: 9 Use Cases of Healthcare Chatbots

How do chatbots in healthcare benefit the public sector?

benefits of chatbots in healthcare

The prevalence of cancer is increasing along with the number of survivors of cancer, partly because of improved treatment techniques and early detection [77]. A number of these individuals require support after hospitalization or treatment periods. Maintaining autonomy and living in a self-sustaining way within their home environment is especially important for older populations [79]. Implementation of chatbots may address some of these concerns, such as reducing the burden on the health care system and supporting independent living. Also, chatbots in healthcare provide patients with personalized information, guidance through their conditions, predictions for diagnoses, or medicine recommendations. This delivers a seamless and efficient experience for patients seeking medical attention online.

Most chatbot cases—at least task-oriented chatbots—seem to be user facing, that is, they are like a ‘gateway’ between the patient and the HCP. Furthermore, social distancing and loss of loved ones have taken a toll on people’s mental health. With psychiatry-oriented chatbots, people can interact with a virtual mental health ‘professional’ to get some relief. These chatbots are trained on massive data and include natural language processing capabilities to understand users’ concerns and provide appropriate advice. Despite the initial chatbot hype dwindling down, medical chatbots still have the potential to improve the healthcare industry.

Predetermined responses are then generated by analyzing user input, on text or spoken ground, and accessing relevant knowledge [3]. Problems arise when dealing with more complex situations in dynamic environments and managing social conversational practices according to specific contexts and unique communication strategies [4]. Chatbots in healthcare can never fully replace human doctors, but they can serve as consultants and assist patients with their health concerns. They are likely to play a significant role in the healthcare industry, being the perfect combination of thorough human assistance and innovative technology. It will enable healthcare centers to increase efficiency and provide better patient care. Chatbots whose dialogue was

prewritten but assembled and matched to the user input in a dynamic manner qualified, while

those whose dialogue was recycled and derived from a human operator or peer (called the

“Wizard of Oz” method) did not.

Your next step is to train your chatbot to respond to stories in a dialogue platform using Rasa core. For example, if a chatbot is designed for users residing in the United States, a lookup table for “location” should contain all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Open up the NLU training file and modify the default data appropriately for your chatbot. An effective UI aims to bring chatbot interactions to a natural conversation as close as possible.

Another chatbot that reduces the burden on clinicians and decreases wait time is Careskore (CareShore, Inc), which tracks vitals and anticipates the need for hospital admissions [42]. Chatbots have also been proposed to autonomize patient encounters through several advanced eHealth services. In addition to collecting data and providing bookings, Health OnLine Medical Suggestions or HOLMES (Wipro, Inc) interacts with patients to support diagnosis, choose the proper treatment pathway, and provide prevention check-ups [44]. Although the use of chatbots in health care and cancer therapy has the potential to enhance clinician efficiency, reimbursement codes for practitioners are still lacking before universal implementation. In addition, studies will need to be conducted to validate the effectiveness of chatbots in streamlining workflow for different health care settings. Nonetheless, chatbots hold great potential to complement telemedicine by streamlining medical administration and autonomizing patient encounters.

If you think of a custom chatbot solution, you need one that is easy to use and understand. This can be anything from nearby facilities or pharmacies for prescription refills to their business hours. Discover how Inbenta’s AI Chatbots are being used by healthcare businesses to achieve a delightful healthcare experience for all. Data gathered from user interactions may also be used to uncover hidden health patterns, supporting AI applications to enhance our understanding and management of countless medical conditions.

Chatbots offer a listening character that has proven therapeutic for people in mental distress. With Natural Language Processing (NLP) training, they can increase a doctor’s work with context-based responses. Chatbots with a well-designed interface are easy to use and can schedule appointments based on the doctor’s availability. Sometimes, they can also interact with CRM systems to help staff track scheduled visits and follow-up appointments for a particular patient while keeping their data for future reference. Although scheduling systems are in use, many patients still need help navigating the systems, as some tools lack flexibility and are not really user-friendly.

Collecting patient data

Chatbots are especially useful for answering medical questions asked by anxious patients or their caregivers and inquiries that don’t require highly trained medical professionals to answer. They can save time for patients and healthcare professionals while instantly giving helpful information. However, this needs massive teams, with employees answering phone calls day in and day out. But even with such enormous human resources at the organization’s disposal, customers still tend to wait. We bet you would have heard music playing when you call a customer care agent expecting a quicker response. You can foun additiona information about ai customer service and artificial intelligence and NLP. Since they are automated to answer what customers ask, they answer instantly without getting tired.

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Designing chatbot interfaces for medical information involves training the Natural Language Processing (NLP) model on medical terminology. Implement dynamic conversation pathways for personalized responses, enhancing accuracy. Implement user feedback mechanisms to iteratively refine the chatbot based on insights gathered. By prioritizing NLP training, dynamic responses, and continuous learning, the chatbot interface minimizes the risk of misinformation and ensures accuracy. The integration of medical chatbot with Electronic Health Records (EHR) ensures personalized responses. Access to patient information enables chatbots to tailor interactions, providing contextually relevant assistance and information.

Mental health

This breaks down the user input for the chatbot to understand the user’s intent and context. The Rasa Core is the chatbot framework that predicts the next best action using a deep learning model. Rasa NLU is an open-source library for natural language understanding used for intent classification, response generation and retrieval, entity extraction in designing chatbot conversations. Rasa’s NLU component used to be separate but merged with Rasa Core into a single framework.

Patients love speaking to real-life doctors, and artificial intelligence is what makes chatbots sound more human. In fact, some chatbots with complex self-learning algorithms can successfully maintain in-depth, nearly human-like conversations. A chatbot can offer a safe space to patients and interact in a positive, unbiased language in mental health cases.

benefits of chatbots in healthcare

“This app has treated me more like a person than my family has ever done,” read one review included in the study. “If you are not HIPAA compliant, if you are not sort of going through the extra design controls and adhering to how proper build-out of medical grade software ought to be built, then I think you are putting patients at risk,” he continued. Training more therapists is not an option because the supply and demand gap is so massive, Sinha says. Others who have access to care, for instance, through the NHS, experience long wait times.

Once the primary purpose is defined, common quality indicators to consider are the success rate of a given action, nonresponse rate, comprehension quality, response accuracy, retention or adoption rates, engagement, and satisfaction level. The ultimate goal is to assess whether chatbots positively affect and address the 3 aims of health care. Regular quality checks are especially critical for chatbots acting as decision aids because they can have a major impact on patients’ health outcomes. Regulatory standards have been developed to accommodate for rapid modifications and ensure the safety and effectiveness of AI technology, including chatbots. The American Medical Association has also adopted the Augmented Intelligence in Health Care policy for the appropriate integration of AI into health care by emphasizing the design approach and enhancement of human intelligence [109]. An area of concern is that chatbots are not covered under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act; therefore, users’ data may be unknowingly sold, traded, and marketed by companies [110].

Medical chatbots can encourage people to seek health advice sooner.

The chatbot is designed to be the first layer of mental health prevention, according to Chaitali Sinha, senior vice president of heath care and clinical development at Wysa. One mental health wellness platform, Wysa, features an avatar penguin in its app’s interface. They can also increase the efficiency in public hospitals with the more accurate tracking and handling of information, the reduced risk of errors, and the ability to use data to predict the outcome. Chatbots also automate some aspects of clinical decision-making by developing protocols based on data analysis. Companies across all industries are using chatbots to improve customer service and boost sales. Brands like Nitro Cafe, Sephora, Marriott, 1–800 Flowers, Coca-Cola,Snap-Travel are good examples of this.

Read our article to discover how chatbots in healthcare are supporting the public sector. The impact of the various presentation modalities currently used by chatbots (text,

verbal, or embodied as a 3D avatar) and the preference therein remain largely unknown. Given the heterogeneity in these measures as indicated in Figure 2, it is difficult to conduct a meta-analysis

to better understand the impact of presentation modality even based only on use patterns.

The outcome in the 3 studies was measured using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Meta-analysis could not be executed as only 1 study reported enough data for the analysis [28]. The search sources were 7 bibliographic databases (eg, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO), the search engine “Google Scholar,” and backward and forward reference list checking of the included studies and relevant reviews. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted data from the included studies, and assessed the risk of bias. Data extracted from studies were synthesized using narrative and statistical methods, as appropriate. And if there is a short gap in a conversation, the chatbot cannot pick up the thread where it fell, instead having to start all over again.

By providing timely and accurate public health information, chatbots play a vital role in educating the community and preventing the spread of diseases. Their ability to reach a wide audience quickly makes them an effective tool for public health communication. Chatbots in healthcare significantly boost accuracy and consistency in patient communication and care delivery.

User privacy is a critical issue when it comes to any type of AI implementation, and sharing information about one’s medical conditions with a chatbot seems less reliable than sharing the same information with a human doctor. AI Chatbots have revolutionized the healthcare industry, offering a wide range of benefits that enhance accessibility, improve patient engagement, and reduce costs. Moreover, chatbots empower patients to provide valuable feedback on their healthcare experiences. Through conversational interfaces, they create an environment where individuals feel comfortable sharing their thoughts, concerns, and suggestions.

  • There was no comparator in the 4 one-arm quasiexperiments; these quasiexperimental studies assessed outcomes before and after the intervention (Table 1).
  • When there was a statistically significant difference between groups, we assessed how this difference was clinically important.
  • This requires the same kind of plasticity from conversations as that between human beings.
  • So, make sure these bot flows are engaging, helpful, and informative — including not asking too many qualifying questions, offering multiple CTAs, and clearly communicating the value of your business.

Drift’s Conversation Cloud unifies all your revenue teams so that you can deliver more engaging and personalized experiences with the power of real-time conversations. Plus, if you have an account-based marketing strategy, you can give your ideal buyers a fast track to their specific sales representatives. With chatbot technology, you can deliver these benefits to anyone who visits your website. With your chatbot, you can instantly direct customers to FAQs, return portals, sizing charts, tutorial videos, live webinar registrations, and more. Plus, by offering a way for customers to contact your customer service team, you can ensure your customers still get five-star service in case the chatbot can’t handle their issue. We call these retargeting sequences — and they’re some of the most effective because they acknowledge that the site visitor is already further along in the buying journey, which helps to move the conversation along faster.

To be more precise, an RCT concluded that online chat counselling significantly improved psychological distress over time [45]. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of using chatbots to improve mental health through summarizing and pooling the results of previous studies. Another ethical issue that is often noticed is that the use of technology is frequently overlooked, with mechanical issues being pushed to the front over human interactions. The effects that digitalizing healthcare can have on medical practice are especially concerning, especially on clinical decision-making in complex situations that have moral overtones.

With the novelty and complexity of chatbots, obtaining valid informed consent where patients can make their own health-related risk and benefit assessments becomes problematic [98]. Without sufficient transparency, deciding how certain decisions are made or how errors may occur reduces the reliability of the diagnostic process. The Black Box problem also poses a concern to patient autonomy by potentially undermining the shared decision-making between physicians and patients [99]. The chatbot’s personalized suggestions are based on algorithms and refined based on the user’s past responses.

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Chatbots, also known as conversational agents, conversational bots, and chatterbots, are computer programs able to converse and interact with human users [5,14]. The use of chatbots has grown tremendously over the last decade and has become pervasive in fields such as mental health [13]. It is expected that chatbots will make a positive contribution to addressing the shortfall of mental health care [15]. Chatbots can facilitate interactions with those who are reluctant to seek mental health advice due to stigmatization [5] and allow more conversational flexibility [16]. People do not want to engage in waiting lines or sit by the phone looking out for a response from medical professionals. In this post-pandemic world, healthcare providers have to be more keen-eyed with their approach to customer service.

Use Cases of Chatbots in Healthcare

And this involves arranging design elements in simple patterns to make navigation easy and comfortable. However, humans rate a process not only by the outcome but also by how easy and straightforward the process is. Similarly, conversations between men and machines are not nearly judged by the outcome but by the ease of the interaction. If you look up articles about flu symptoms on WebMD, for instance, a chatbot may pop up with information about flu treatment and current outbreaks in your area. With the use of empathetic, friendly, and positive language, a chatbot can help reshape a patient’s thoughts and emotions stemming from negative places.

Healthcare providers can leverage the feedback they receive to make smarter decisions and improve their practices. For example, chatbots can schedule appointments, answer common questions, provide medication reminders, and even offer mental health support. These chatbots also streamline internal support by giving these professionals quick access to information, such as patient history and treatment plans. Invitees were sent an email inviting them to complete the survey, accessible via an embedded Web link. The only inclusion criteria included being a GP with an MD degree within the United States; no restrictions on age, gender, or previous use of chatbots were implemented.

For example, in our review, many studies failed to report basic descriptive statistics such as mean, SD, and sample size. Ensuring studies adhere to accepted guidelines for reporting RCTs (eg, CONSORT-EHEALTH [50]) would be of considerable benefit to the field. Risk of bias graph for quasiexperiements, showing the review authors’ judgments about each risk of bias item. Risk of bias graph for randomized controlled trials, showing the review authors’ judgments about each risk of bias item. First, the titles and abstracts of all retrieved studies were screened independently by two reviewers (AA, MA). Second, the full texts of studies included from the first step were read independently by the same reviewers.

One example of a task-oriented chatbot is a medical chatbot called Omaolo developed by the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), which is an online symptom assessment tool (e-questionnaire) (Atique et al. 2020, p. 2464; THL 2020). The chatbot is available in Finnish, Swedish and English, and it currently administers 17 separate symptom assessments. First, it can perform an assessment of a health problem or symptoms and, second, more general assessments of health and well-being. Third, it can perform an ‘assessment of a sickness or its risks’ and guide ‘the resident to receive treatment in services promoting health and well-being within Omaolo and in social and health services external to’ it (THL 2020, p. 14).

  • These AI-powered tools have proven to be invaluable in screening individuals for COVID-19 symptoms and providing guidance on necessary precautions.
  • It also helps doctors save time and attend to more patients by answering people’s most frequently asked questions and performing repetitive tasks.
  • However, these kinds of quantitative methods omitted the complex social, ethical and political issues that chatbots bring with them to health care.
  • In the case of Tessa, a wellness chatbot provided harmful recommendations due to errors in the development stage and poor training data.
  • This tailored approach enhances treatment efficacy and patient comfort, a significant advancement in healthcare technology.
  • For instance, chatbots can engage patients in their treatment plans, provide educational content, and encourage lifestyle changes, leading to better health outcomes.

Integration also streamlines workflows for healthcare providers by automating routine tasks and providing real-time patient information. In addition to collecting patient data and feedback, chatbots play a pivotal role in conducting automated surveys. These surveys gather valuable insights into various aspects of healthcare delivery such as service quality, satisfaction levels, and treatment outcomes. The ability to analyze large volumes of survey responses allows healthcare organizations to identify trends, make informed decisions, and implement targeted interventions for continuous improvement. Moreover, chatbots offer an efficient way for individuals to assess their risk level without overwhelming healthcare systems already under strain due to the pandemic.

Instant Access to Critical Information

According to this theory, ‘the medical expert has an integrated network of prior knowledge that leads to an expected outcome’ (p. 24). As such models are formal (and have already been accepted and in use), it is relatively easy to turn them into algorithmic form. The rationality in the case of models and algorithms is instrumental, and one can say that an algorithm is ‘the conceptual embodiment of instrumental rationality within’ (Goffey 2008, p. 19) machines.

benefits of chatbots in healthcare

There were no restrictions regarding the type of dialogue initiative (ie use, system, mixed) and input and output modality (ie spoken, visual, written). There were no limitations related to the comparator (eg, information, waiting list, usual care). This review focused on any outcome related to effectiveness (eg, severity or frequency of any mental disorders and psychological wellbeing) or safety (eg, adverse events, deaths, admissions to psychiatric settings) of chatbots. Regarding the study design, we included only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasiexperiments. The review included peer-reviewed articles, dissertations, conference proceedings, and reports.

Engaging in open conversations about health with medical professionals can be challenging for individuals who anticipate encountering stigma or embarrassment upon revealing their symptoms and experiences of health. This predicament can lead to missed opportunities for early treatment, ultimately impacting overall health and well-being. By facilitating preliminary conversations about embarrassing and stigmatized symptoms, medical chatbots can play a pivotal role in influencing whether or not someone seeks medical guidance.

For medical diagnosis and other healthcare applications, the accuracy and dependability of the chatbot are improved through ongoing development based on user interactions. Integrating the chatbot with Electronic Health Records (EHR) is crucial to improving its functionality. By taking this step, you can make sure that the health bot has access to pertinent patient data, enabling tailored responses and precise medical advice. Smooth integration enhances the chatbot’s ability to diagnose medical conditions and enhances the provision of healthcare services in general.

benefits of chatbots in healthcare

Second, ‘there are user-facing applications […] which interact with people in real-time’, providing advice and ‘instructions based on probabilities which the tool can derive and improve over time’ (p. 55). The latter, that is, systems such as chatbots, seem to complement and sometimes even substitute HCP patient consultations (p. 55). GYANT, HealthTap, Babylon Health, and several other medical chatbots use a hybrid chatbot model that provides an interface for patients to speak with real doctors. The app users may engage in a live video or text consultation on the platform, bypassing hospital visits. With the eHealth chatbot, users submit their symptoms, and the app runs them against a database of thousands of conditions that fit the mold.

benefits of chatbots in healthcare

The next classification is based on goals with the aim of achievement, subdivided into informative, conversational, and task based. Response generation chatbots, further classified as rule based, retrieval based, and generative, account for the process of analyzing inputs and generating responses [16]. Finally, human-aided classification incorporates human computation, which provides more flexibility and robustness but lacks the speed to accommodate more requests [17]. Healthcare chatbots are artificial intelligence (AI) programs designed to interact with users in a conversational manner to provide healthcare-related information, support, or services. These chatbots are often integrated into websites, mobile applications, or messaging platforms to offer users a convenient way to access healthcare resources and assistance. While they do hold potential, little is known about who actually uses

them and what their therapeutic effect may be.

This feature is particularly beneficial in addressing common health questions, medication instructions, and preliminary diagnosis guidance. Chatbots in healthcare are not just a technological advancement; they are a patient-centric revolution. They promise a future of enhanced healthcare experiences and improved patient outcomes.

For example, CoachAI and Smart Wireless Interactive Health System used chatbot technology to track patients’ progress, provide insight to physicians, and suggest suitable activities [45,46]. Another app is Weight Mentor, which provides self-help motivation for weight loss maintenance and allows for open conversation without being affected by emotions [47]. Health Hero (Health Hero, Inc), Tasteful Bot (Facebook, Inc), Forksy (Facebook, Inc), and SLOWbot (iaso heath, Inc) guide users to make informed decisions on food choices to change unhealthy eating habits [48,49]. The effectiveness of these apps cannot be concluded, as a more rigorous analysis of the development, evaluation, and implementation is required. Nevertheless, chatbots are emerging as a solution for healthy lifestyle promotion through access and human-like communication while maintaining anonymity. Chatbots in healthcare can also streamline the medical claims process, saving patients from dealing with paperwork and complex procedures.

Thus, algorithms are an actualisation of reason in the digital domain (e.g. Finn 2017; Golumbia 2009). However, it is worth noting that formal models, such as game-theoretical models, do not completely describe reality or the phenomenon in question and its processes; they grasp only a slice of the phenomenon. Now that we’ve gone over all the details that go into designing and developing a successful chatbot, you’re fully equipped to handle this challenging task. In the wake of stay-at-home orders issued in many countries and the cancellation of elective procedures and consultations, users and healthcare professionals can meet only in a virtual office.

A meta-analysis was not carried out for this outcome as 1 study [37] did not report data required for the analysis. Forest plot of the 2 studies assessing the effect of using chatbots on the severity of anxiety. Data extracted from studies were synthesized using narrative and statistical methods. The statistical approach was used when there was more than one RCT for a certain outcome and the study reported enough data for the analysis. Where statistical findings were not available, a narrative approach was used to synthesize the data.

Before designing a conversational pathway for an AI driven healthcare bot, one must first understand what makes a productive conversation. Healthcare chatbot development can be a real challenge for someone with no experience in the field. Once the fastest-growing health app in Europe, Ada Health has attracted more than 1.5 million users, who use it as a standard diagnostic tool to provide a detailed assessment of their health based on the symptoms they input. Any chatbot you develop that aims to give medical advice should deeply consider the regulations that govern it. There are things you can and cannot say, and there are regulations on how you can say things. Navigating yourself through this environment will require legal counsel to guide you as you build this portion of your bot to address these different chatbot use cases in healthcare.

Bots can then pull info from this data to generate automated responses to users’ questions. For example, it may be almost impossible for a healthcare chat bot to give an accurate diagnosis based on symptoms for complex conditions. While chatbots that serve as symptom checkers could accurately generate differential diagnoses of an array of symptoms, it will take a doctor, in many cases, to investigate or query further benefits of chatbots in healthcare to reach an accurate diagnosis. Doctors also have a virtual assistant chatbot that supplies them with necessary info – Safedrugbot. The bot offers healthcare providers data the right information on drug dosage, adverse drug effects, and the right therapeutic option for various diseases. This chatbot solution for healthcare helps patients get all the details they need about a cancer-related topic in one place.